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Trinidad and Tobago flagTrinidad and Tobago

Location: Caribbean
Population: 1.399 million
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The original inhabitants of Trinidad were the Arawak and Carib. From 1776 the Spanish government encouraged Roman Catholics from the other Caribbean islands to settle in Trinidad with their slaves. Most of the settlers were French, and French influence became dominant. Trinidad was formally ceded to Britain in 1802. Tobago was ceded to Britain in 1763 and continued throughout the period from 1763 to 1814. In 1889, with the island’s economy in shambles because of the collapse of its sugar industry, Tobago was amalgamated with Trinidad, while retaining a subordinate legislature and separate taxes. In this way the united colony of Trinidad and Tobago was created. In 1899 Tobago became a ward (administrative district) of Trinidad and Tobago.

The Ministry of Health is responsible for leading the health sector. The service provision aspect of public healthcare has been devolved to newly created entities, the Regional Health Authorities. Responsibility for the provision of healthcare services in Trinidad and Tobago was devolved from the Ministry of Health to Regional Health Authorities under the Regional Health Authorities Act No. 5 in 1994. The Ministry of Health is mandated to provide a functioning healthcare system to benefit all citizens. This had led to the reforming of the entire healthcare system in the country. Recently, the government of Trinidad and Tobago has launched the Chronic Disease Assistance Program which provides citizens with free prescription drugs and other pharmaceutical items to combat health conditions. Physicians (per 1,000 people) in Trinidad and Tobago was reported at 4.1675 in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators. Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people) in Trinidad and Tobago were reported at 4.0934 in 2018.

Adults living with HIV of Trinidad and Tobago increased from 7,500 persons in 2000 to 10,000 persons in 2019 growing at an average annual rate of 1.61%. As of 2020, there are 10,000 people living with HIV in Trinidad and Tobago. The HIV/ AIDS prevalence rate is 0.7%. Trinidad and Tobago adopted the ‘Three Ones’ principle to respond to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, which are: One national AIDS coordinating authority with a broad-based multisectoral mandate; One AIDS action framework to coordinate the work of all partners; and One national monitoring and evaluation system. Trinidad and Tobago also have a HIV/ AIDS Coordinating Unit. The mandate of the HIV/AIDS Coordinating Unit is to lead the Ministry of Health’s response in reducing the incidence of HIV infections in Trinidad & Tobago and mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS in persons infected and affected in Trinidad & Tobago. This unit coordinates, advises on policy direction, monitors, and evaluates the implementation of the Ministry of Health’s response to the HIV epidemic.

There have been 57,329 infections and 1,696 coronavirus-related deaths reported in the country since the pandemic began. Trinidad and Tobago have administered at least 1,224,955 doses of vaccines so far. Assuming every person needs 2 doses, about 43.9% of the country’s population has been vaccinated.

In 2019, the HCV prevalence in Trinidad and Tobago was 1.68%. There were 46 HCV related deaths. Trinidad and Tobago have the third highest infection rate in Latin America (4.9%).

Learn More About the HIV/AIDS and COVID-19 Situation in Trinidad and Tobago

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