CCCoP Knowledge Center
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
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Before the time of European contact, Saint Vincent was inhabited by the Ciboney and Arawak peoples. The Arawak resisted frequent British, French, and Dutch attempts to settle in Saint Vincent, but they eventually allowed limited French settlement of the island’s west coast in the early 18th century. After the Treaty of Paris of 1763, Saint Vincent had become part of an administrative union known as the Windward Islands. The Grenadines was one of the islands included in the union. Most of the islands sought independence individually. Independence for Saint Vincent was achieved on Oct. 27, 1979. Shortly thereafter, the political entity became known officially as Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
The Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment is responsible for the health facilities. The largest hospital in St. Vincent and the Grenadines is the Kingstown General Hospital, which is also known as the Million Cato Memorial Hospital. There are 39 primary level health care centers. Specialist care is sometimes provided in Barbados, Trinidad, or the United States. The government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines provides health services at the secondary and tertiary levels. Health care is given to people with chronic illnesses, such as epilepsy, at health clinics and at general and district hospitals. A deficiency in the system is the lack of specialists. The country has no neurologists. There are 0.665 physicians per 1,000 people.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines remains a low HIV-Prevalence country with an estimated 0.4% prevalence in the general population. The HIV/AIDS/STI Prevention and Control Program is committed to engaging individuals, groups, families, and the civil society in aspects of its program activities: enlightening them on sexual developmental issues and the practice of healthy sexual lifestyles; empowering caregivers to care for those affected and enriching the lives of people living with HIV/AIDS, utilizing an integrated approach. The HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Program continues to make notable progress in several program areas.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is reporting 30 new infections on average each day. There have been 4,941 infections and 65 coronavirus-related deaths reported in the country since the pandemic began. infections and 65 coronavirus-related deaths reported in the country since the pandemic began. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines has administered at least 43,963 doses of vaccines so far. Assuming every person needs 2 doses, about 19.9% of the country’s population has been vaccinated. St. Vincent and Grenadines is labeled a Level 4 in COVID-19 levels, which means there is a very high risk of infection when travelling to St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
In 2019, the HCV prevalence rate was 1.91% in St. Vincent and the Grenadines. There were 2,165 people living with HCV in St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
Learn More About the HIV/AIDS and COVID-19 Situation in St. Vincent and the Grenadines
- COVID-19 Status: There have been 4,941 infections and 65 coronavirus-related deaths reported in the country since the pandemic began.
- HIV Prevalence: 649 people (2011) people are living with HIV.
- AIDS Prevalence: 0.4% of population.
- HCV Prevalence: 1.91% of population.