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Haiti flagHaiti

Location: Caribbean
Population: 11.4 million
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Located in the Caribbean, Haiti occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola, with the Dominican Republic in the eastern two-thirds. Haiti is the world's oldest black republic and one of the oldest republics in the Western Hemisphere. After the French arrived in the seventeenth century to continue European exploration and exploitation in the Western Hemisphere, the indigenous population was largely exterminated. Resisting their exploitation, Haitians revolted against the French from 1791-1804. Haiti, whose population is almost entirely descended from African slaves, won independence from France in 1804, making it the second country in the Americas, after the United States, to free itself from colonial rule.

Haiti is one of five countries in the Americas facing a severe shortage of health workers including doctors, nurses, and midwives. With only 0.65 doctors, nurses, and midwives per 1,000 people, Haiti falls well below the World Health Organization’s recommendation of 4.45 doctors, nurses and midwives per 1,000 people to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. To overcome this challenge, the CDC works closely with the Haitian Ministry of Health (MOH) and partners to build the capacity of the local public health workforce through the Field Epidemiology Training Program. Surveillance data quality has improved since the program’s introduction and that an increasing number of outbreaks are being documented and properly investigated.

Haiti has the highest prevalence of HIV infection in Latin America and the Caribbean. The epidemic began in the late 1970s and has spread widely throughout the country. Today, Haiti faces a generalized epidemic fueled by poverty, high illiteracy rates and inadequate health services that have been further weakened by chronic political instability, high internal migration rates and a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections. However, HIV prevalence in Haiti is largely dropping because of a strong AIDS/HIV educational program, support from non-governmental organizations and private donors, as well as a strong healthcare system supported by UNAIDS.

Haiti has one of the lowest death rates from COVID-19 in the world. Only 662 deaths were attributed to COVID-19 in Haiti over the course of the entire pandemic. As of October 28, 2021, there have been 23,773 confirmed COVID-19 cases. A total of 112,059 vaccine doses have been administered. Assuming every person needs 2 doses, about 0.5% of the country’s population. Even though the death rate of COVID-19 in Haiti is low, the infection rate is still high. The country struggles with infectious disease control.
In 2019, the HCV prevalence rate in Haiti was 2.31%. There were 286,574 people living with HCV in Haiti. 470 HCV related deaths were reported in 2019.

Learn More About the HIV/AIDS and COVID-19 Situation in Haiti